Our territory

Our territory

Our territory

Dolomites: a universal jewel

Alta Badia is the territory which the Ega water comes from, framed by the Dolomites, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The natural site of the Dolomites UNESCO World Heritage Site includes nine mountain systems in the Italian Alps, a series of unique mountain landscapes of exceptional natural beauty.

On 26 June 2009 the Dolomites were included on the World Heritage List due to their beauty and unique landscape and their scientific importance in terms of geology, geomorphology and landscape.
The UNESCO World Heritage Convention states that cultural and natural heritage sites in various parts of the world and of universal importance must be preserved as a World Heritage Site.
The recognition of the Dolomites landscape by UNESCO is the deepest and most vivid expression of the identity of the territory, as a synthesis of man and the environment, of activities and uses, which settled in these valleys over the centuries and, with respect to which, the natural elements are essential.


The "Dolomites landscape", in fact, representing the model of a specific mountain landscape, is characterized by a wide range of colours due to the contrasts between the soft green bands of the woods and prairies and the rocky peaks, extremely varied both in shape and components: from vertical walls as high as 1600 metres to gorges from 500 to 1500 metres deep. Many Dolomite peaks measure over 3000 metres of altitude and glaciers of modest dimensions and perennial snowfields are found at relatively low altitudes.
Our territory

A heritage sculpted over time

The enchantment of the peaks carved in time.
The Dolomites represent a set of various mountain systems that show an extraordinary geomorphological unity. Their complex geological structure originated in the Triassic (about 250 million years ago) from the accumulation of shells, corals and algae in areas with different latitude and longitude from today's, where warm, shallow seas existed. These sediments then turned into rock and the subsequent clash between the European plate and the African plate brought the rocks to the surface, raising them to over 3000 metres above sea level.
The Dolomites present a monumentality, originality and spectacularity that characterize them and distinguish them from all other mountains in the world.

These morphologies are linked to the current climatic conditions and to those that have occurred in recent geological eras.


Among these we find some testimonies that can be traced back to periods before the glacial ones or to other intermediate temperate ones, but above all forms of glacial erosion and accumulation: smooth rocky humps streaked by the action of ice, suspended valleys, cirques, morainic deposits, traces of ancient frozen soils, evidence of the pressure exerted by the glacial masses. The morphology of the recent and current climatic conditions is mainly related to the actions of frost-defrost and the force of gravity: aquifers, cones and debris cords at the base of the slopes, rock walls also self-propelled with ice cores, corridors and avalanche cones. A recurrent aspect of this same variety and morphological complexity is that of landslides, with all possible types, up to showy and spectacular cases that have now become part of international scientific literature. A local example is the wide range of karst forms, both superficial, such as furrowed fields, sinkholes and springs, and underground, such as caves and swallow-holes.

The Dolomites therefore represent an open-air high-altitude laboratory of a geomorphological heritage of exceptional world value.

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